Outsourcing (of tacit to explicit): is the process of knowledge generation in which tacit knowledge is transformed into explicit concepts through the use of metaphors, analogies, or models. Chun Wei Choo (1999), the externalization of tacit knowledge is essential in the creation of knowledge activity and is most frequently seen during the development of a new product concept creation phase. The externalisation is activated by dialogue or collective reflection… To extract tacit knowledge you need to make a mental leap and often involves creative use of a metaphor or analogy. Combination (of explicit to explicit): is the process that synthesizes and integrates concepts explicit, systematizes the knowledge to integrate the explicit knowledge coming from different sources.
Thus, individuals exchanged and combine their explicit knowledge through telephone conversations, meetings, memoranda, etc. You can categorize, confront, and classify existing information in computerized databases, to produce new explicit knowledge in certain amount of modes. Internalization (from explicit to tacit): is the process of transformation of explicit knowledge into tacit knowledge, through which completes the cycle in the spiral of knowledge generation. It develops when interiorize experiences resulting from other processes of knowledge creation. Internalization is facilitated if the knowledge is captured in documents or is transmitted in the form of anecdotes, so that individuals can return to indirectly experience the experience of others.
The four processes of transformation of knowledge are related to each other in a continuous spiral which increases the basis of knowledge of the actor (person or organization). Typically, knowledge creation begins with individuals who develop true discernment or intuition about how to best perform their tasks. This tacit know-how cannot be shared with others through socialization. However, while the knowledge remains tacit, the Organization will be unable to exploit it further. From the perspective of the Organization, the externalization of tacit knowledge into explicit concepts is essential. Finally, the new explicit knowledge created from the various modes would have to be experienced and reinteriorizado as new knowledge Tacitus.