Management Thought

In describing the process of management thought, economists usually distinguish the following stages: budget and financial control, management, based on extrapolation; vision changes; management based on flexible urgent solutions. Development of management thought in the first phase took place in 1900-1950, respectively, when the company received widespread control on the basis of fiscal control, which was characterized by: internal reporting lines and the planned information system and the lack of information about the external environment of the enterprise. Budgetary control was carried out in the companies by amending the amount and structure of the income / expenditure, production and marketing as it changes the current economic situation in the country and around the world while maintaining the basic activities of the company. This reaction to changes in the period under review was the most natural for the company, however, require a lot of time understanding the inevitability of change, development of new rules of behavior and adapting to her management company as a whole. In conditions increase the rate of change in the early 1950s, this type of management was simply unacceptable. From 1951 to 1960 to replace the stage fiscal control came the second phase, a characteristic feature of which was to control based on extrapolation. Budget and financial control at this stage, supplemented with forecasts, extrapolating sales in the next few years.

On the basis of the control figures given in the sales forecast, identified all the functional plans: production, marketing, logistics, etc., which are then combined into a single financial plan. The main task of the manager was to identify the economic problems that limit growth organization. The third stage of development upravlenskoy thought occurred during the 1961-1980 period and is presented in the literature as a control on the basis of foresight and determination of changes in response to them by developing appropriate strategy. For this phase is characterized by: a departure from the extrapolation of estimates, accounting volatility factor activity; analysis of internal capabilities of the enterprise and external factors, finding ways to best use internal capabilities, taking into account external constraints and compliance requirements of existing reserves of the environment and alternative solutions. The fourth stage, from early 1980s to the present day, has been named managing based on flexible emergency management decisions or in circumstances where many important problems arise so quickly that they could not immediately provide.

Distinctive features of this control system are: the emphasis to implement policy decisions and the integration of administrative actions, decentralization and democratization of management, the growing importance of intuition and gain a qualitative approach to assessment, review of the company as the subject of an active impact on the environment, the use of strategy as a key management tool development company. The third stage of control is now also called strategic planning, and the fourth – the strategic management in real time. The combination of the latter two types of control are increasingly used for domestic enterprises. Strategic planning replaces a long-term planning and a periodic control. Management in real time is designed to help enterprise managers to competently respond to unexpected changes in the immediate external and internal environment of the organization.

Sagarmatha National Park

Mount Everest, at 8,848 metres, is the highest mountain on Earth and stands imposing on the Tibetan plateau on the border between Nepal and Tibet in the Himalayan mountains. This trekking takes us to the heart of the summits and the culture of the region of Mount Everest, allowing us to also admire other mountains no less impressive as Thamserkhu, Nuptse, Ama Dablam and Lhotse. The journey begins in Kathmandu, capital of Nepal, city that deserves worthwhile dedicate time to explore its attractions and discover its temples, its streets, its inhabitants and its historical legacy. From Kathmandu will fly in a small plane to Lukla to admit us to the great Valley of Khumbu, gateway to the Everest region. The flight offers a panoramic first of the impressive snowy peaks of the Himalayas.

Once the Lukla, begins our route, which with an average altitude of 3,000 m, flows through the Valley dominated by the impressive mangfall. From Lukla we head up to Phakding where we will spend the first night in one of the numerous lodges (Mountain hotels (with small rooms where sleeps with sleeping bag and have common bathrooms). The next day you will find the entrance of the Sagarmatha National Park and we will go to the town of Namche Bazaar (3,440 m), commercial center of the Khumbu Valley. Spend the night in Namche Bazaar, which will help us to a favorable acclimatization. There are several stores that sell items of mountain and trekking as well as places with satellite internet connection in Namche. Its streets are steep and uneven and often full of snow until well input spring.

The atmosphere that we breathe is mountain. Here is usually spend an extra day to encourage the acclimatization. The next day early departure towards our next goal: Tyangboche or Tengboche (3.867 m). We will leave civilization behind to continue only surrounded by mountains, rivers and pure air.

The Event

An important point to consider is do many times use your keyword phrases on each page? I’ve seen # 1 ranking sites with a density of phrases of keywords only 0.5% to over 20%. Google does not like a high density of keywords. A good range to consider for now is one of approximately 1% to 2%. Maybe a little higher, but not much. Google may increase this number in the future, but for now, keep the low density of keywords.

Google calls a high density of keywords about optimization and can penalize a site for this. This means that if you have 300 words in your page, you should have 6 to 21 keywords phrases in your page. No more of that because you can make your page sound something weird and silly. Read aloud your page and see if it sounds good. Be creative and you can get a lot of phrases of keywords on your page and continue making it sound reasonable. In addition, it is important to have a high density of keywords in the first 150 words on the page, but remember that if your page is in columns, the first word is the word in your left navigation pane… It is not the first word in the center pane.

* Use keywords and phrases of keywords in a sentence. Search engines define a sentence as a group of three or more words that begin with a capital letter and end with a point or other acceptable punctuation mark. This also means that you must put a point or question mark at the end of each heading or title to make them look like a prayer and not as a group of keywords. This means that you must never have only a list of keywords. Keywords that are not used in a sentence have very little (or any) value to increase your ranking in search engines. In fact, if you do it too much, it could be labeled as keyword spamming by search engines. This also means that keywords that are listed in the left navigation pane do not help your ranking. Police officers search engines aren’t stupid. They know what they’re trying to do in the event that you decide to insert lists of keywords. Be creative, take your time and find the best words and key phrases. After all, what get the # 1 ranking of phrases of keywords that no one seeks. Make sure that your words or phrases of keywords are used on all outbound links and try to get that other sites that link to yours using the words or phrases of keywords in links to your site. Otherwise, the links will not have much value.

Marxist Vision

It is in this context that we consider the intervention in the root of the social matter: the consumption. Therefore it is for the consumption that if the worker imprisons, if excludes, it alienates, it segregates and it distorts values. Therefore it is by means of the consumption that the capitalist system uses all its force. in this direction we will deepen the interventions in order to search the transformation, the development of potentialities and magnifying of the professional actions with sight to the awareness and the incessant search for new paradigms in the construction of the citizenship. 2. CITIZEN OR CONSUMER? The CONCEPT OF CITIZENSHIP AND the CONSUMPTION IN a MARXIST VISION better to explanar the subject Citizenship x Consumption is of utmost importance to contextualizarmos the citizen concept who, in its definition places the individual in the joy of the civil laws and politicians of a free state.

Inside of the capitalist context, the citizen right if confuses with the consumption freedom. Canclini (1997 apud Maldonado, 2011, p.21) standes out that … the social classrooms had substituted its previous rights of citizenship for the right to the consumption. This occurs mainly because this is one of the elements of social inclusion in the current order, that is, the Brazilian citizen believes that the freedom to accomplish its citizenship is related with the consumption power. The capitalist system I infused in mind of the people who we are free and sovereign to exert our right of choice in what it refers to the consumption goods. For diverse reasons it is proved that the consumption desire multiplies social estruturao according to, the media obtains to persuade the consumers for where it wants and it understands, and therefore, it manipulates the desires and necessities of the citizens for the effect demonstration. In Brazil, from 1960 the television was if imposing as a hegemonic media.

Brazilians Society

The constancy with that Federal Policia dismantles group of thieves of all the shades country measures, does not arrive to be alentador, but discouraging, such the volume and its ramifications for all the fields of the society. In its majority, they are groups that embezzle the Public State treasury in one officiate of robbery that discloses to be not about recent groups, but of very old mfias. Vrusda corruption that parches in our society and affects the nature of the nation can be seen as an epidemic? Which the actions to prevent its dissemination? Or, already in such a way so it is taken root in our veins that nobody of it escapes? The virus of the corruption seems not to have cure? Or it has one ' ' coquetel' ' of measures capable to control it or extinguiz it? Or the only way to fight it beyond laws and strong institutions, is the constant monitoring of the society in permanent autocuidado? All the virus contains autofgico element. When destroying its host to feed itself of it finishes if destroying. This manifest destruction if in a done society of internal diffidence e, the same, time in a nation that if presents as a paradise of the indolncia, the robbery, impunity. The end of the Brazilian society will be this, total taken for the virus of the embezzlement, the tax evasion, ' ' to take advantage to any custo' '? They are all waiting only its chance to say: ' ' now vez&#039 is mine; '? Or, worse, those that to pautarem its character for the principles of justice and the same honesty in the minimum things of the daily one, will be reason of public execrao? He is tragic and discouraging to make such forecast, but observing everything that there is e, still more, what it seems, always it was, it is impossible there to think of another form. The virtue, the honesty, the respect for what he is not ours, for what it is of the common good, public, is not one badly in the conscience and character of the great majority of the Brazilians, we affirm. Still it is possible to believe this? Or these are the exception? The rule is those that already are contumacious people in the media and the police pages? Although if it observes the police actions disclosing an extensive and perennial teia of corruption and robbery between the public beings and politicians is evident that its spring is of the governmental sphere. If the corrupt one appears in bigger evidence in the public, what if it sees the corruptor is always private. It will be that to arrive at the power it is where level and instance will be, is the definitive test of the character of the individual, in its mesquinhez and vileness or its largeness and nobility? The reality has shown that these last ones seem each time rarer in that they reach some power is for the vote, for public competition or for its merit inside of the capitalist market that is which will be its ideology.