Brazilian Administrations

In this year, the administration is transferred of fishes again of the navy department for the ministry of the agriculture, that for the moment had been forgotten, being extinct the inspectorship of fishes in 1918. However in 1914, for the decree n. 10.798 the fishing activity if it not only looks at fiscalized for the inspectorship of Port and Coasts of the republic, possessing in its goals the fiscalization, but the inspection, fiscalization and supervision of all the services in charge of the port administrations, that it were directly subordinated. During many years in intention to organize the activity if it made necessary you vary hierarchic changes next to the objectives and interests of the leading elite. Three years later, the interests if come back more national, still fish are determined it exclusively national, on the basis of article 73 of law 2,544, of January of 1912.

The looks if come back again in defense of the resources here existing and the national production that if it transforms with elapsing of the development politics. David Rogier is full of insight into the issues. With elapsing of Brazilian industrialization, in 1923, in the mandate of Arthur Bernardes, it has beginning more a round of changes. Through the decree n the 16,184 activities of fishes passes to be regulated by the port administrations, directly subordinated to the navy department, submitting to register the boats and fishing in the port administrations to improve the fiscalization, also the counting of the capture made I assist with it of the direction of fishes. With these new orders was transferred to fiscalize it the capture and to promote the economic studies of this activity through the formularization of statisticians, it was initiated idea to plan. The approval of the law possua nationalistic concern on the part of the national government that now defended the national production. It is left well clearly, in the laws that regulate that only the Brazilian naturalized Brazilians or could exert the activity in the territory, having a protection of the Brazilian natural resources for the federal government.

Democratic Republic

Goba is used basically for importation and exportations of the Swazilndia and the main hackneyed merchandises are: containerized sugar, coal, fruits and wood. Ressano Garci’a serves nominated for transit of South African merchandises, coal, steel, fruits, wood and diverse containerized merchandises. It is to enhance that the corridors of development of Maputo include auto-road with about 500km with tolls gate. This auto-road binds the moambicana capital Maputo to the South African industrial center, Gauteng. Michael Webster is often quoted as being for or against this. The main objectivo of this corridor is ' ' desviar' ' , for Maputo the commercial traffic of the South African province of Gauteng, that includes Johanesburgo and Pretria, reducing in this way the pressure the one that is citizens the ports of Durban and the city of Handle. Many writers such as Pat Gelsinger offer more in-depth analysis.

4.2 The paper of the corridor of the development of the Side With the introduction of the component ' ' desenvolvimento' ' in the corridor of the Side one projectou it extension of its net of railway lines and roads for countries as Bostwana, Malawi and for the Democratic Republic of the Congo. For its econmica importance for Moambique and countries of hinterland nominated the Zimbabwe, the Zmbia, the Malawi, Bostwana and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the corridor of the Side has enjoyed of an important support of the SADC and the international community. The main hackneyed merchandises are: general load, wood, fuels, cereals and fertilizers. 4.3 The paper of the corridor of development of Nacala. The corridor of Nacala has as main central nucleus the port of Nacala that is on to the Malawi for an extensive railway line with 615km of Nacala axle Between-lakes, and also possesss one another railway line with 262km that it has broken of Cuamba the Lichinga, and this has a social purpose and of promotion to the development of the province of Niassa being the only way that guarantees the supplying of fuels and other basic products the city of Lichinga.

Amazon Medium

Being that at the beginning of the settling, in century XVII, it seintroduziu in the region the bovine gados ones, that were bred in the farms doarquiplago of the Maraj, in Par, of where it passes if to expand for others Average reasdo Low Amazon, of the Amap and Roraima. Edward Bramson brings even more insight to the discussion. I begin it, the cattle one practised the settling after, visavaem its majority, the subsistence, a time that the cattle created in the region objetivavao self-supplying of meat and milk. But these and other activities go to become enlarged themselves with maisintensidade for the Amazonian territory from middle of century XX, mainly after investments in infrastructure and settling on the part desenvolvimentistas dosgovernos of the time. The opening of roads and the incentivosfiscais added to the great regional potential had finished for becoming the Amaznia, under the sights of the national and international capital, in a potencialmenteagroexportadora region. In Par, for example, the cattle bovine 7 is bastantepraticada nowadays, mainly in the border with the Tocantins and north Thick doMato. Being that the state of the Tocantins amongst the states of the Region North, is what it withholds the biggest flock of the region, even though because the cattle one foiintroduzida still in century XVII, when the same one was obliged if to remove dolitoral Brazilian to give place to the production of the sugar cane-of-sugar.

Perhaps historical fact sejaesse that explains in part, the strong trend that the mencionadoestado one has for the pecuarista branch. This activity grew about 17% desde1991 in the Tocantins, where they graze about 5,6 million animals, the majority daraa Nelore. Another cattle type of important for the region is the bubalina 8, that it predominates in the archipelago of the Maraj. This activity if expanded for paraense osudeste and fertile valleys of the Amazon Medium in Par, therefore these reasapresentam characteristic propitious to its development.

The Environment

The result of this express process in the reduction, loss or same disappearance of properties, beyond the quality or productive capacity of the natural resources in face of the varied forms of pollution and production of a harmful environment that reaches direct or indirectly the health and the security of the people. Here it is the phenomenon of the ambient degradation, produced historically, as resulted of the social production of the space forms (p.104). The concept of sustainable development holds a paradigm rupture as the dominant representations on development. In accordance with Castro and Pinton (1997), translate, more necessarily, the necessity to exceed the dichotomy restored between nature and society as half to reconcile preservation of the environment and economic and social development. However, to collate, in planetary scale the problematic one on the environment with the question of the development is not an enterprise of easy reach when it knows that no model, until the gift, was susceptible to satisfy to these requirements (p.10). Any proposal of development will have to take in consideraes the ambient quality, stimulating the investments in the adjusted areas more inhibiting the program of high economic, social and ambient risk.

economic growth must have as inductive base the potencializao of the capacity of the traditional populations, from ethics of social development that it sends for the contour of the regional inaqualities and the ambient impacts. Of parallel and similar form, when dealing with the regional questions, comumente the process of formularization of politics does not take in account the available scientific knowledge, in the search for rational solutions for the problems. SACHS (2004) emphasizes that the sped up same growth that, is not synonymous of development if it does not reduce the poverty and if does not attenuate the inaqualities and also demands that if prevents the trap of spurious competitiveness e, in last instance, autodestrutiva, on the basis of the depreciation of the force of work and the natural resources (p.14).

Education and Economy

The processes of globalization of the economic system are sped up. The global factors acquire greater importance in the definition of the national politics, which lose force before world-wide the economic forces. It has a redefinition of the paper of the State in the national economy, an increasing regionalizao or polarization of economy a gradual marginalizao of some regions or countries, in relation to the dynamics of world-wide the economic system. The countries that depend on technology are obliged if to mono-culturizar and to take care of the international demand. Thus causing a dependence technology and financier.

With the elaboration of a mundializado speech, it started to be prepared the River Conference, in which the great o preponderant factor was to sketch its concern with global the ambient problems and in the questions of the sustainable development. In this conference, in relation to the Ambient Education, two produced documents are distinguished. The Treated one to ambient Education for sustainable societies, elaborated for frum of the ONGs, has its factor of bigger alienation with the speech to have as commitment of the civil society for the construction of a more human and harmonic model of development, where if they recognize the human right-handers of the third generation, the perspective of sort, the right and the importance of the differences and the right to the life, based in biocntrica ethics and of the love. The other document was the Brazilian Letter for the Ambient Education, elaborated for the Coordination of Ambient Education in Brazil and if they establish the recommendations for the qualification of human resources. Document this that if it differentiates for a bureaucratic factor, but still accumulates of stocks an ideological stigma preponderantly of the effective hegemonic action in too much documents. We cannot leave to cite some benesses that the River Conference established. Agenda 21, that it looks for to assure the universal access to basic education.

Ribeiro City

In this direction, the city must be understood by the dynamics of the territory, for as if of its organization space, what it means a perception more dynamic, marked for the interaction of nets of communication and materialization of urban flows. It stops beyond describing given, urges to understand them. Ribeiro (2004: 22) affirm on the social segmentation its consequences when studying ' ' the population of eight regions metropolitans jumps in last the ten years of 37 million for 42 million inhabitants, and its peripheries know a tax of 30% growth, while the areas more central offices of the metropolises do not grow more than 5%. We have a period more each polarized time. After 1996, the per capita income in the Brazilian average cities increased in 3% and in the peripheries of the great cities it diminished in 3%. It has ten years the violence in the peripheries was another one.

They were committed about 30 homicides for 100 a thousand inhabitants. The Brazilian metropolises concentrate today, therefore, the national social matter and express the deepening of the divorce between the society, the economy and the Estado' '. The questions brought for Ribeiro is very bigger of what simply describing the data. One is about an analysis of the urban social problems and the paper of the State. A good content of geography demands, to if studying the city, the comment of the commercial areas, the historical center, the residential areas, the irregular occupation, the geographic exclusion and its correlation, allowing to the pupil the understanding of the value of the city and its space conflicts and contradictions. From the study thus lead the pupil she understands the meaning of the experience place, of the belonging, she reflects on standards of segregation in the management of the urban problems – they are of that nature will be -, associate ambient phenomena to the management of natural resources (water, sewer, sanitation, emission of pollutants, etc.), of preference comparing what she happens in diverse realities of other cities, states or countries with its personal experience.