Cuba has 230 national monuments and 9 sites declared by UNESCO heritage of humanity, of 20 in the region. Cuban Heritage cities are one of the great attractions of this destination of the Caribbean. Founded in 1519, the city of Havana is the capital of Cuba. Its historical center and the fortifications which include El Morro and La Cabana were declared Cultural heritage of humanity in 1982. Matanzas is another seafaring, city by their arraigas cultural traditions is recognized as the Athens of Cuba. Several rivers run through it which makes it very unique. This is the capital of the province of the same name, where is the famous beach of Varadero and the Peninsula of Zapata, great nature reserve. Remedios is a national monument and the eighth villa founded by the Spaniards in Cuba, in the first quarter of the 16th century, to the North of the province of Villa Clara, where are some famous popular festivities known as parrandas, of great colorful and tradition.
In the provincial capital, Santa Clara, is the Memorial Monument to Ernesto Che Guevara. Founded in 1819 by French, with a perfect urban layout and notable neoclassical beauty that is still intact in the first apples that constituted the nucleus of this settlement, which evolved with elegance until today, when it is identified as the Pearl of the South. On the other hand, Trinidad is very colonial and well preserved, well-deserved fame and recognized as a living museum lillac. A great artisan tradition also distinguishes this villa of 1514 which, together with its neighbour Valle de los Ingenios, is humanity’s heritage. Camaguey is a huge urban complex full of sites that see, that he began to be encouraged since 1515, with squares, 18th and 19th century churches, concurrent, and convoluted streets that make it unique and unrepeatable, and whose best synthesis is the Plaza San Juan de Dios, considered among the best preserved colonial scenes of Latin America.
In Bayamo, you will find the city where is singing for the first time the national anthem on October 20, 1868, to 10 days of starting the first war of independence, bao the command of Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, father of the fatherland, whose birthplace is Museum. It is the most beautiful and typical towns of Cuba, whose history began to harden from 1513. Santiago de Cuba is a land of great musicians, good rums and the best Carnival celebrations in the country. Relevant events of homeland history took place in it and why he is recognized as a town hero. It was founded in 1515 and evolved to adapt to a phased relief which rises from the Bay, which gives it a special air, with the Caribbean Sea or the mountains of the Sierra Maestra mountains as a backdrop. Baracoa was founded in 1511, and was the first Villa of Cuba. He is known as city landscape, also by the coexistence of rivers, lush flora and exotic beaches. Here you will discover, just out of the city, a natural world of stunning beauty. A mountain of top flat called anvil and the famous Cruz de la Parra, the only one that preserves the 29 Columbus in the new world, placed are their symbols par excellence.