Minnesota Mining

Scotch tape or duct tape – a tape of synthetic polymer or a synthetic material, smeared with glue. Swarmed by offers, David Rogier is currently assessing future choices. Scotch Tape and Scotch are registered trademarks of 3M (U.S. diversified innovation and production company). Tape was made in America. The story of its origin dates back to 1923, and is associated with the name of Richard Drew. That year he joined the company in Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing (3M), which dealt with production sandpaper. At that time the company conducted research in the field of waterproof materials. (Similarly see: Marianna Tessell).

The company asked Richard Drew monitor testing a new model of sandpaper Wetordry in automobile workshops and stores. Once it is in the store, he noticed that when painting a car with two or more colors, the line separating it turned rough. And Drew has promised that the masters of something. In 1925, Richard workshop brought the tape two inches wide. The master decided to try to use the invention during application. But when he stuck it, and proceeded to stain, I noticed that the tape is beginning to deform. Shari Redstone describes an additional similar source.

This was due to the fact that the adhesive was applied only at the edges, and the master reported the Drew. Then in 1929, Drew has developed a cellophane adhesive tape and method of applying it full of glue. Originally used for wrapping tape and food packaging, but then people started coming up with new ways of doing this. The world's first tape was made of oils, resins and rubber on the basis of cellophane. He could withstand a wide temperature range and was waterproof. In 1932, Joe Borden perfected the tape, providing it with feeder with a blade to cut with one hand. Now, perhaps, to explain the meaning of the name. Scotch, even though such a name, nothing to do with Scotland is not. Initially, because the adhesive was applied only on the edges of the tape, that is what Americans call her with tape, while there were stories and rumors about the unprecedented Scottish stinginess. It is believed that Richard Drew precisely in order to save apply the adhesive after properly. But if not a painter, who noticed it, the name would not stick. After all, he shouted that the "Your Scottish director" made this tape is even more sticky. Name of Scotch Tape was used earlier only to the transparent type of tape, but in Russia as well known as any kind of adhesive tape. Since the time of the adhesive tape became known to some interesting facts. For example, in 1953, scientists of the USSR, it was found that the tape can sometimes emit X-rays. In 2008, U.S. scientists have proved that sometimes the power of these rays may be enough to keep X-ray image on photographic paper. There is another fact open only to time. Glue, adhesive tape used to manage over time in the paper, and penetrates through the entire thickness. This is, unfortunately, discovered only when pilos restore the Dead Sea Scrolls. Fragments of these manuscripts sticky tape over fifty years, started to break from the text. Now, Israeli scientists are trying to recreate and clean up the glue and tape. Well, despite this, the tape is truly indispensable for the invention humanity.

Paul Foucault

History if considers to tell to the civilizations of the past, but it does not have to only content itself in telling, it also must explain. Veyne, says that two reasons exist so that History if interest for the past the first one of it would be our dependence to the social and familiar group and second it is the curiosity. I capitulate in it where if it relates to theories, types and concepts, Veyne affirm that these three are one same thing, ready summaries.

For it, ‘ ‘ inadequate concepts are a torment for historiador’ ‘ (p.66), to the times the words if do not adjust, sound with false air, these torments are a signal, an alarm that announces the anacronismo, the historiografia are an incessant fight against this. Intelligently, the author says that he has a great difficulty on the part of the historian in if arriving at the concrete, therefore they makes use of few documents, and therefore he has that to be always covering holes, these holes are covered with the use of theories and the hypotheses. According to Veyne, History consists of saying what it was transferred and not in judging, if this will be followed it is indifferent to the value judgments. The historian emits three species of apparent judgments of value. ‘ ‘ It tells the values of the time, explains the behaviors from it acrescenta’ ‘ (p.95), everything without saying of these values was good or not. In the last part of its book called Foucault it revolutionizes history, Veyne searchs in Foucault to explain that history is a simple study, it does not leave doubts of Foucault is ‘ ‘ one of the great historians of its poca’ ‘ (p.151). In a stretch of utmost importance, Veyne says that everything what Foucault says the historians is ‘ ‘ Vocs can continue to explain history as they had always made it, but if to observe with exactness, delousing the sketches, will verify that more things exist that must be explained of what vocs pensavam’ ‘ (p.160).

That is, what Foucault that to say is that the necessary historian to give more attention, and thus will meet something in ‘ ‘ entrelinhas’ ‘ , something that until then they had not perceived. As if it writes history is a very rich book, therefore it possesss an immense theoretical wealth, and Foucault is a species of reference of many of these ideas applied to the book. Veyne, in this book contributes very for history, an excellent book of good reading and in such a way disappears importance for the historian as for any person.

The Context

When placed in the context of the phrase, however, it extends its capacity to mean. I hug she is it of the words that generate the meaning of frase' ' 5. She is in this context, in this tram of the meeting of the words is where if she pronounces the murderous phrases as: I do not obtain; Not quick I pra nothing; I cannot; I am I fail same; Nothing of certain pra me; This my depression does not leave me; This belly, this tire does not finish; among others e, finally after in such a way auto afflicting says: I have Fear. Fear of the change, therefore, ' ' It is more easy to justify us in existencial laziness that in aquieta in the expressions that are proper of who already lost the battle. ' ' I am thus same and I do not want to move! ' ' ' ' 6. Normally the person speaks that she has fear and does not know what caused.

She only has fear. She has fear of the fear. ' ' Whenever we are paralyzed by the fear, of some form, we are private of we ourselves the fear in them makes victims, she accents the esquecimento still more of what we can the fear deprives in them of intelligence, despite temporariamente' ' 7. I am a Poor fellow, that is, I do not have favour. The peace if was. I am what I speak? For times &#039 is forgotten that; ' The life human being is a constant experience of passage. We are in continuous exoduses, in processes of interminable displacements, because, while we will be livings creature, we will be invited for the movement that in provide the overcoming of periods of training, conditions to them and atitudes' ' 8. Attitudes these of ' ' changes and, in special in falar' '.

The Land

Exactly thus, the land was divides in varies parcels: one very great managed for the proper gentleman and the others, changeable in I number, of very lesser size, you deliver the peasants. The exploration lands directa are assigned you as domain Mr. (mansus indominicatus), made use around an area closed and constructed the cut (you tan). This structure of the great properties limited you to impose it tributes on all some of leasehold lands of the same category, being been this for its productive capacity. The income of the land, waited tributes to you that would be deliver its residence in the foreseen dates.

These incomes as it detaches Duby, (1993, P. 99): These periodic installments, that consisted of some eggs of hens, a sheep or a pig, 0ccasionally some currencies, they represented the income of the ground of the parcel. They paid the common law for which the tenants could feed its animals in the Prado and for the weeds that harvested in the part inculta of the senhorial domain. In this direction the tenants fit to the culture of the land Mr. in benefit of this, being that tributes fit to these tenants a species of contribution in man power for the necessities of the culture of the land. They also fit to the tenants according to Duby, (1993, P. 102) the tenants had you surround to make them of searas of the domain, prados and cut in one determined extension; to completely cultivate one definitive part of the domain, in I benefit Mr.

during data I number of days in the agreed stations; to follow shipments in one definitive distance and to take messages marcante Trace of the system senhoril and pontuado by Duby (1993, P. 102). The senhoril system had formed on the basis of extensive agriculture, nothing made to increase the productivity. I oppose for it, demanded immense physical force of the peasants badly fed, badly equipped and badly distributed for lands productive. The capacity you to demand, whenever they needed, gratuitous man power made with that the great proprietors little were interested in the improvements technician. Ademais these great properties were the points central offices of the economy of the time of the carolngio empire, function this that they played and for its it influences in the field its return becoming if agglutinant center of the relations of the senhoril system. Therefore its great function was to support a chain of group of great senhoriais houses, functioned as true units of production, therefore they were to the service of a economy of consumption in development in the great properties. Bibliographical references DUBY, George. Warriors and peasants: the primrdios of the European economic growth sc. VII-XII. Publishing print. 1993. LE GOFF, Jacques. The civilization of ocidente medieval. Edusc.

Scientific Theory

The base, badly defined, of racism is the concept of pure race applied the men, practically being impossible to discover a well delimited object to it. One is not to a scientific theory, but about a set of opinions, beyond everything little coherent, whose main function is to reach the valuation, generalized and defined, of biological differences between the men, imaginary Reals or. Blessed (2004), it affirms that the law forbids the racial discrimination. Therefore, the true reason of its not acceptance, the fact of being black, in general, is disfarado with hypocritical speeches, disguises, simulation. The same, it affirms that in Brazil the people attribute not the act of contract of a black, to any another reason that not true it: racism.

The black color quite frequently appears associated the bad personages: ' ' The black associated with the dirt, the tragedy, to the badness, as symbolic color, impregnates the text with freqncia&#039 sufficiently; ' (ROSEMBERG, P. 84, apud MUNANGA (1996)). Since very early, the children finish internalizando these negative representations, and finish for not liking itself proper and them others that are similar to it. She is necessary to stop with these esteretipos of assimilation between the bad black and. Therefore they are elements completely without nor a nexus, and above all, one forms grotesca of preconception. She is necessary to take our children, the thought and the example, of that correlation between the intellectual capacity and the color of the skin does not exist, all possess the same physical capacities and mental, it is not the color of the skin that anger to determine who is or not capable. It is necessary to form in them attitudes favorable to the different racial relations of the people which they coexist in the society. Discrimination is the name that if of the one for the behavior (action or omission) that it violates rights of the people on the basis of unjustified and unjust criteria, such as the race, the sex, the age, the religious option and others.

Aboriginal Groups

' ' The Chiquitano people was constituted from an amalgam of aldeados aboriginal groups in century XVII by the jesuticas missions. Inhabitants of the region of border between Brazil and Bolivia, had been compulsively involved in conflicts politicians and decurrent cultural differences of a territorial division that respeito.&#039 did not say to them; '. According to Canclini, it is not the fact of this people to be constituted of this amalgam of aboriginal groups that we will be able to take off the conclusion of that this people lived a hibridao process, as we can previously see the process of hibridao if of the one in practical social discrete p.XXII, the phenomenon caused for this Canclini amalgam calls mestization. It will not be the fact of inside botar 25 or 42 (as some they say) aboriginal groups of one ' ' liquidificador' ' to beat until everything if mixes, that will be able to say that had such process and, if a hibridao process together with appears the concept of globalization (concept contemporary), we can take off the conclusion of that it stops having hibridao we have that to be contextualizado with the globalization concept. Without generalizations, from the decade of 80, the indigenista movement if fortified substantially, with it the identitrio movement, to the step that start to also appear teses anti-identitarias; the proper Canclini says: ' ' The emphasis in the hibridao enclausura only the pretension not to establish identities? pure? or? you legalize. Moreover, it puts in evidence the risk to delimit autocontidas local identities or that they try to affirm as radically opposing the national society or to the globalization.

p. XXIII' '. In the case of this phenomenon called hibridao process of the Chiquitano people, we can notice nowadays and in its daily several practical social discrete, as we will designate: ) the case of the Chicha (Cauim: it is a traditional alcoholic beverage of the aboriginal peoples of Brazil since pre-Columbian times, made of maize or cassava) still very used nowadays, however has some Chiquitanos that differently of its ancestor, uses this drink with sugar.

Importance Organization

Training is an essential for enterprise-wide process, more even in these times in which if you’re not well-trained corres could result in delays in the productivity of the company where you’re working, however it is not entirely the fault of the worker, but the greater responsibility lies with the owners of them, it depends a lot the success that want to reach. A good training is achieved time detecting the needs that a company can have, this can get him supporting us a technique called DNC (training needs detection) regardless the branch to which engaged, for this task we will focus to make a series of analysis both of organization, as performance and tasks, but it is not only detecting needsthe most important is to solve them. Once satisfied these requirements the company obtains benefits such as increased performance and the company’s production, increased capacity of skill and knowledge of the employee applying it to your work activities which throws as results greater efficiency and greater effectiveness as that added reflects us a good effectiveness. The training to be as indispensable to the organization can also be very flexible on the appearance that there is a wide variety of types of training which can be adapted without any problem to the needs and economic capabilities of each organization. Carrying out a good training and make this way steady and straight we will be talking to both the employee and the employer of a company to reach its development, to speak of development we do not mean to obtain a growth as such, in other words development they get is a growth in knowledge, techniques, skills and ways to serve you betteralso promoting values such as respect, dedication, responsibility and commitment that perhaps are already located within the mind of every employee, but with the help of the training so they can be applied within the work area.

Contract Work

Later, the princes of Novgorod was hired to "contract work", mainly on the period of military action. If the prince did not suit 'employers', it could safely drive., With the advent of Novgorod Rurik begins to strengthen, which gradually acquired the status of second largest center of Kievan Rus. Location at the junction of the way 'from the Vikings to the Greeks' with the Volga contributes to the development of crafts, trade and culture. Participation in the Novgorod prince conquests expands the boundaries of Novgorod, and the beginning of xii century, they have include part of the Baltic States and Karelia, southern Finland, southern coast of Lake Ladoga, , coast of the Northern Dvina and the vast spaces of the European North. All this contributes to the fact that in 1136 the city became the center of a huge Novgorod feudal republic managed by Vechem (a prototype of the modern democratic system.) Glory Novgorod is growing and is already in the chronicles in 1169, he referred to as the 'Great'. Sami Novgorod call him 'Mister' or 'The Emperor' Veliky Novgorod. Trade relations Novgorod spread from Flanders and the Hanseatic cities to the Ugra land, from Scandinavia to and Constantinople.

Settlements in Novgorod merchants appear on the island of Gotland, the Swedish and Estonian Siggune Lindanise (Tallinn). In turn, merchants from Gotland in the middle of the xii century. unfold in the Novgorod trade gothic courtyards, and another – German, opened the merchants of the Hanseatic League. , B the heyday of the Republic (XIV – xv in the first half.) population of the city is about 30 thousand people, and he divided into 5 self-control in urban areas or ends: Nerevsky, Lyudin (Goncharsky) Zagorodsky, Slavensky and Carpenter.

Martn Rodrguez

your honor the ceasing in the command of the vice-reign (). Cisneros Vice-king answers: ' ' Well therefore, since people does not want me, and it abandons I exercise me, make vocs what they want. Of autobiogrfica color of Martn Rodrguez.Em the act of cabildo of day 23 of May if read: ' ' () In the act if they had proceeded to regulate it the votes and done the regulation with the most tedious examination, results of it the plurality with excess, that the dear Vice-king must cease the command and fall again provisionally the same into dear cabildo' '. Situation that finally defined for pressure civic-military man in 25/5/1810 with the together creation of a provisory one. of government presided over for Creoles. Of a historical summary of Toms Guido, express in an Argentine scientific article if extracts: ' ' In these circumstances Mr. Dom Manuel Belgrano () that uniform dress listened to the quarrel in a contiguous room, leaning upon in a sofa () the sped up step set suddenly of foot and and with the face lit for the blood fire () putting the right hand in the cross of its sword said: Interest to the native land and my colleagues, who if to the three of late of the immediate day the vice-king will not have been knocked down, the faith of a knight, I will knock down it with mine armas' '. In writings of Manuel de Pueyrredon, published in a coletnea of project of research published for the University of Argentina: ' ' In day 25 of May of 1810 my parents were in the square, with all its friends.

All the doors and windows were closed, nor a soul if it saw in the streets, the day was dark, a dense fog covered the horizon, the atmosphere of that day seemed to announce disasters () Thus we remain until 4 or 5 of the afternoon, that came my father announcing the triumph of the patriots and the deposition of the Vice-king () later the windows if they had opened and if he loomed Dom Antonio I weave e, directing itself it my grandmother, said: What orders you stops Spain, mine lady Rita owner? answered my grandmother: How that you go yourself you stop Spain, Sir dom Antonio? , and this contested to it: Yes, yes? it talked back. I go myself, because my civilians if had become insane people. Ah dog mulato? baixa.&#039 said my grandmother in voice; ' Memories of Belgrano and Saavedra in 25/5: ' ' It concluded thus this always memorable day for 25 of May of 1810: day that had admirably come the events preparing, to start in it for shaking the hard yoke of the domain that apequenava in them and to open our lips with freedom, to think and to feel for ela' '. How much we must retake of these values and these examples to not only assure our sovereignty threatened since the politician, economic seno basically since and the cultural in a world so hardwired and so globalizado but with so little identity and so little memory that we arrive to forget the essential; without firm and vigorous roots never we will grow strong nor we will give good fruits.

Freyre Society

Sergio Buarque if inhales in the workmanship of Max Weber, mainly, when he considers a liberal state to the Brazilian nation and displays a pair ideal of opposing concepts, symbolized for the figure of the adventurer and the worker. For it modernity is inserted in urban culture, scholar, based on the work and the capitalism. 4) You criticize: The book Roots of Brazil caused great impact in the Brazilian society, therefore with only three years before Gilbert Freyre published the book House Grande and Senzala. This workmanship of Buarque diverge very of the historiografia that had been implanted in the workmanship of Freyre. In this book it goes to present the contrast of the tradition and modernity Brazilian society.

For this, he tries to explain that the formation of Brazil contemporary is widely on the origins of on Brazilian society since the settling and to its legacy institucional politician and. This traditionalism comes since its Iberian past, that is, of its roots. In this situation it breaches with what the patriarcal Brazilian society believed thus causing great criticizes. 5) Conclusion: Roots of Brazil are an assay of great value scientific, but not only literary, that it goes to search the origins of Brazil in Portugal and the large state escravocrata or the agricultural patriarcal family. The USA of a dialtico method stops to state with wealth the contradictions of the object that it is analyzing.

In Roots of Brazil we have the suggestion of the three elites? the agricultural patriarcal, the urban patrimonialista that if constitutes Empire no longer and the bourgeois native of So Paulo of coffee base. The author suggests that Brazil is passing for ‘ ‘ great revoluo’ ‘ since middle of Century XIX, that he has in the coffee elite and ampler urban sectors of the society its base. Sergio salient Buarque the limitations of the agricultural leading elite and substitutes the harmony for ‘ ‘ man cordial’ ‘. The man cordial is that one that comes of the family, is the hospitable and generous man.