Introduction: The Cuban Magisterium has a long tradition which initially comes with Felix Valera, Jose Antonio Saco, Jose de la Luz and Knight, Felipe Poey and Domingo el Monte, creative pentarchy. The elective nature of thought valereano, based on the art of reason and experience, allowed to chart an own Cuban thinking course. This attitude necessarily implied the development of a conscience Cuban, not because there is the nation but the aspiration to create it. Oracle spoke with conviction. Jose Antonio Saco and Lopez, an eminent pupil of Merry Valera, was the political figure of greater conceptual and theoretical scope of the liberal reformist movement of the 1830s. A deep nationalistic sense, was a sharp critic of the colonial system and the brightest opposition to the annexation movement: never inclinare my forehead before the dazzling stars of the American flag. Between schools that for these years achieved renown was still San Cristobal de la Habana, better known as Carraguas, founded by Antonio Casas. This school had been directed by Jose de la Luz y Caballero between 1833 and 1836, and from 1846 by Rafael Navarro. Also should mention El Salvador, fostered by the own Luz y Caballero in Havana, the company, in the city of Matanzas, where Eusebius, Antonio and Pedro Jose last Guiteras-este, author of the first history of Cuba for educational purposes – and another school in Santiago de Cuba, founded by Juan Bautista Sagarra.
These institutions include College St. Anacletus, Rafael Sixto Casado, in Havana, where he studied Jose Marti, and the small Schoolhouse where Mariano Rizo and Juan Portuondo, in Santiago de Cuba, taught Antonio Maceo. Next to the history of Cuba, Guiteras, students were the first geography of the country written by Cuban scientist Felipe Poey. Created awareness of the possibility the Cuban nation, then would be possible its translation, science and consciousness of the reality, the trainer work of man, the Patriot and the citizen, in education, moral acrisolada in life and consequently with what they thought: create a free and just from a collective consciousness and patriotic, society born from the inside every man’s formation.