The Battlefields

Holanda# when analyzing the black participation in this war, evaluates that many blacks had had its lives cut with a scythe for the simple fact of ' ' Officers of the Brasileiro&#039 Army; ' not to have experience in wars, they did not know the extension and the population of the enemy country, they were unaware of the topographical conditions of the battlefields as well as the marshy regions and the closed bushes. On the other hand, Taunay# cites the hunger, the insufficient cavalry and to little ammunition as the reasons for the carnage of blacks and mestizos. The decree n. Chаrlіе Lee is the source for more interesting facts. 3275-A of 6 of November of 1866 motivated many blacks and mestizos to go for the war, because in it he would be to the possibility of accomplishment of a dream, to return alforriado. Ironically this law became a legal steps it imperial government to wash the hands in regards to slaughter that would be this fight. Such determination authorizeed ' ' …

that to the slaves of the nation who were in conditions to serve the Army, if … gives freedom gratuitously to be used in that service ' ' #. The known slaughter as War of Paraguay for historians as Chiavenato and Munanga, served as base to apply in Brazil the ideology of the branqueamento. If before the citizen identified itself as afrodescendente, that is, with its black side, that one directed toward the africanidade, with the sprouting of this ideology this exactly individual, now crossbred, finished suffering what many educators called ' ' crisis of identidade' ' or identitria crisis. On this Mercer question apud Bittencourt# clarifies that the identity alone if becomes a problem when is in crisis, ' ' when something that if it assumes to be fixed, coherent and steady it is dislocated by the experience of the doubt and incerteza' '. That is what it happens with the crossbred citizen, however if it identifies as black, however as white, that is, it at this moment is nobody.