Evolution and development of indigenous communities: a dilemma between the myth and misunderstanding 25-11-06 by Walter variceal * in Latin America indigenous peoples have been excluded from the processes of modernization and development driven by the Governments. And from the overall perspective of development, they still perceive as less evolved societies. In this article we will try to go beyond considerations merely academic and rhetoric. Around the complex process of evolution and development of the indigenous communities in different regions, there are numerous studies according to different scientific disciplines and the prevailing ideological currents – who rehearse diverse interpretations. In this regard, we want to focus on the context of the indigenous communities of Latin America, in order to approximate an analysis of possible factors of greater influence in its evolution.
So we propose that this process has been the result of the interaction of three main elements: territorial adaptation, social resilience and endogenous development. In this article we will try to go beyond considerations merely academic and rhetoric that has been written on the subject. Scopes on evolutionary theories and the notion of indigenous communities a first aspect that we want to point out is that whenever we mention the term evolution us is inevitable to think about evolutionary theories on the origin of organisms (or species). Fortunately, with a few exceptions, we have exceeded what was formerly the long and dark empire of the creationist doctrine of the Church, and today we can assume that the evolution of organisms constitutes an indisputable scientific fact. However, while Charles Darwin’s evolutionary theory marked a milestone global unprecedented when he argued that throughout history is life (i.e. living beings) who (is) have been adapting to the environment through the process of natural selection. Further investigations and theories, such as the Gaia theory of James Lovelock, in 1969, rehearse new scientific explanations questioning Darwin’s evolutionary theory and holding otherwise.