Scientific Theory

The base, badly defined, of racism is the concept of pure race applied the men, practically being impossible to discover a well delimited object to it. One is not to a scientific theory, but about a set of opinions, beyond everything little coherent, whose main function is to reach the valuation, generalized and defined, of biological differences between the men, imaginary Reals or. Blessed (2004), it affirms that the law forbids the racial discrimination. Therefore, the true reason of its not acceptance, the fact of being black, in general, is disfarado with hypocritical speeches, disguises, simulation. The same, it affirms that in Brazil the people attribute not the act of contract of a black, to any another reason that not true it: racism.

The black color quite frequently appears associated the bad personages: ' ' The black associated with the dirt, the tragedy, to the badness, as symbolic color, impregnates the text with freqncia&#039 sufficiently; ' (ROSEMBERG, P. 84, apud MUNANGA (1996)). Since very early, the children finish internalizando these negative representations, and finish for not liking itself proper and them others that are similar to it. She is necessary to stop with these esteretipos of assimilation between the bad black and. Therefore they are elements completely without nor a nexus, and above all, one forms grotesca of preconception. She is necessary to take our children, the thought and the example, of that correlation between the intellectual capacity and the color of the skin does not exist, all possess the same physical capacities and mental, it is not the color of the skin that anger to determine who is or not capable. It is necessary to form in them attitudes favorable to the different racial relations of the people which they coexist in the society. Discrimination is the name that if of the one for the behavior (action or omission) that it violates rights of the people on the basis of unjustified and unjust criteria, such as the race, the sex, the age, the religious option and others.

Rylton Marcus Alves

It writes Sergio Buarque of Holland (apud ALMEIDA, 2009, p.47) that ‘ ‘ the end of the slavery in Brazil would have represented the ending of a long stage of our history (…) but for the Africans and its descendants, the fight for recognition and equality, he would only be comeando.’ ‘ In the community Pricked Village, city of Esperidio/MT Port., we perceive the possibility of such commentary to possess text of truth, supported in you say of two social actors afro-Brazilians to them, during an interview for scientific article. A priori, D.O registered its experiences affirming that racism still is one practical gift in the region of the Port Esperidio, more necessarily in the community Village Picada and Bocaival.

In this last one, it declared that it participated of a course for the baptism in a church; when it was in the line to be baptized, such institution convoked a person of white color that was soon behind, ‘ ‘ pulando’ ‘ its time. Get all the facts and insights with David Fowler, another great source of information. It also declared that in the education already it suffered discrimination on the part from some professors to the voluntary being as cook in a pertaining to school event. Another aspect raised for D.O if relates to the form as it tries to surpass the preconception: it tells that ‘ ‘ not liga’ ‘ , ‘ ‘ it makes of account that not ouviu’ ‘ , ‘ ‘ it turns the coasts and it goes embora’ ‘ , and other strategies ‘ ‘ mascaradas’ ‘. It strengthens that the racial preconception will not leave to exist.. In a question-answer forum Sheryl Sandberg was the first to reply.

San Francisco

Three children of Antonino and Maria of Pains had changed themselves for Brazil: Jose, Ablio and Joaquin. Also two grandsons, children of Manuel, had been for Brazil: Carlos and Armando (that also he took its Armindo son). Baby clothes helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. He consists that the other children had remained in Portugal. Speaking candidly baby clothes told us the story. A Lopes family who came to the south of Brazil was of Joo Simes Lopes, Portuguese, 36 years of age, son of Jose Lopes and Teresa Maria (of Sousa), was married in the Oratory of the Farm Pellets, in 16 of July of 1815, with Isabel Dorotia of the Fontoura, with 20 years of age, Brazilian, son of the colonel Jose Sheep of the Fontoura and Dorotia Francisca Isabel of the Silveira. The marriage was registered in the church of San Francisco de Paula, in Pelotas/RS.De this marriage had been born eight children: Joo Simes Lopes Son, Vicncia Maria of the Fontoura, Isabel Clear Dorotia of the Fontoura, Antnia (1. of name), Jose Ildefonso Simes Lopes, Antnia (2. of name) Clear Cndida of the Fontoura. In Brazil, since the period of captainships that has entered people with Lopes last name, but first with Pero Lopes de Sousa and its allies, but the height of immigration was from Tom de Sousa with the action of Portuguese, So Paulo and mining the bandeirantes already descending of donees and gentlemen of cattle farms, the majority on to the strategical plan of the House of the Tower that managed the properties of the hinterland. In Pernambuco, the Lopes family followed procedure the same to open farm, to create cattle and to dedicate agriculture to it, ordinary shares of that they leased lands in the hinterland. Soon this family prospered, to the side of the development of the captainship of Pernambuco, with the plantation of sugar cane, cotton and commerce of cattle in fairs and expositions, activities that continue exerting, without neglecting of the participation in the politics and the public rendering of services. The neighboring cities: Cabrob, Bodoc, Belm of the San Francisco, Salgueiro and Petrolina had had the contribution of the Lopes family since the first formations of farms and the city of Parnamirim, after its emancipation received the contribution from the Lopes in all the economic activities that until today are developed in the region: agriculture, commerce, cattle and public services.

City Light

In virtue of being reached a bigger liberality in relation to the sex in the current days, if at the time current imagining living and writing, and if analyzing the reality of the France of the current times, country in which the erotismo as well as in Brazil, is populating the announcements advertising executives of the most varied sorts of products, since chocolates the perfumes; the use of clothes more sensual as had bikinis as Brazilian, the calls wire-dental (well provocative type) are fashion in the Country of the City Light. Swarmed by offers, Gary Kelly is currently assessing future choices. Then today it would not have the censorship to its books, at least for speaking of sex, but even for the critical aspect of to the power politician; the Church while institution and the imperfections of its integrant ones, as well as baffling questionings to the way of if placing the question of the agreement of God and our faith, exactly including these last ones characteristics of the literature of the romancista related one, exactly with all the controversial subjects, it would not be currently, can thus express, ' ' castrado' ' in its liberty of speech, it would not have its cut language as we saw in the history, that the direction not only denotativo leaves clear, but over all conotativo of the event, therefore we live for the most part in a democratic reality of the planet in which we can display our ideas same who are not the reproduction of what politician agrees to the power and the Church, although many times the simple act to say inconvenient truths, and is function of the true historians the search of the truths, much even so let us know that still in our days persecutions exist religious politics and that they disclose the embroidery frames of these institutions; another undeniable and negative fact, unhappyly, is that although all this apparent freedom, remembering a scene of the film, in which the idea to be appears a sick person in the lunatic asylum being transparent thinking that he is one engaiolado bird, we can reflect one meaning: in many situations of our reality we are in a species of ' ' gaiola' ' , a capture, because although terms the permission to display our ideas and critical, through which we believe to be possible a change of the reality for better; however if we will be intent to the reality of the life, we verify innumerable cases in which exist only the permission of the critical word of, what of the false a idea to be having a full freedom, but the fact for example, of a white dishonest power to be of critical and never being punished is the indication of an incomplete freedom, the unreal one, in the liberal interpretation of the word, at this moment we can also compare the human beings as birds in a bird cage bradando its I sing, but without having right to change the reality that circa..

Aboriginal Groups

' ' The Chiquitano people was constituted from an amalgam of aldeados aboriginal groups in century XVII by the jesuticas missions. Inhabitants of the region of border between Brazil and Bolivia, had been compulsively involved in conflicts politicians and decurrent cultural differences of a territorial division that respeito.&#039 did not say to them; '. According to Canclini, it is not the fact of this people to be constituted of this amalgam of aboriginal groups that we will be able to take off the conclusion of that this people lived a hibridao process, as we can previously see the process of hibridao if of the one in practical social discrete p.XXII, the phenomenon caused for this Canclini amalgam calls mestization. It will not be the fact of inside botar 25 or 42 (as some they say) aboriginal groups of one ' ' liquidificador' ' to beat until everything if mixes, that will be able to say that had such process and, if a hibridao process together with appears the concept of globalization (concept contemporary), we can take off the conclusion of that it stops having hibridao we have that to be contextualizado with the globalization concept. Without generalizations, from the decade of 80, the indigenista movement if fortified substantially, with it the identitrio movement, to the step that start to also appear teses anti-identitarias; the proper Canclini says: ' ' The emphasis in the hibridao enclausura only the pretension not to establish identities? pure? or? you legalize. Moreover, it puts in evidence the risk to delimit autocontidas local identities or that they try to affirm as radically opposing the national society or to the globalization.

p. XXIII' '. In the case of this phenomenon called hibridao process of the Chiquitano people, we can notice nowadays and in its daily several practical social discrete, as we will designate: ) the case of the Chicha (Cauim: it is a traditional alcoholic beverage of the aboriginal peoples of Brazil since pre-Columbian times, made of maize or cassava) still very used nowadays, however has some Chiquitanos that differently of its ancestor, uses this drink with sugar.

Great Flag

‘ ‘ Route to the West, had penetrated in the spaces today limited by the State of Mato Grosso of the South, Gois Rondnia, exceeding the limits between Portugal and Spain in America, established for the treated one to Tordesilhas’ ‘ (IT HISSES). Authors tell that some bandeirantes had passed for the rondoniense region, for return of century XVI behind wealth, to put one in special deserve prominence; Antonio Raposo Tavares. The bandeirante Antonio Raposo Tavares who left of So Paulo, in 1624, in direction to the West, arrived at the valley of the Wood three years later (1650) and covered the valleys of the Guapor, Mamor and Madeira. A leading source for info: Gary Kelly. Its flag, known as ‘ ‘ Great Flag of Limites’ ‘ the Portuguese presence in the region is a historical landmark. (OLIVEIRA, 2002, P. 41) Other moment of history that is important to register was ticket of Francisco de Melo Vane in 1722 (it that some years later, as already we saw, would be the responsible one for the introduction of the coffee in Brazilian lands), to recognize the river minutely Wood and also to guarantee not the invasion for Spaniard. Melo Vane, after many fights returned the Belm in 12 of September of 1723. In 1722, in day 11 of November, it broke of Par a composed flag of 128 people seted with arrows, the indians, and firearms, commanded for Melo sergeant-mor Vane, Portuguese son, with intention to assure the domnios of Portugal in the region limits of Wood. (IT HISSES, 2002, P.30) By 1750 return, an agreement between Portugal and Spain is signed, that right of ownerships of lands gave inhabited who them, thus annulling then the vigorous one Treated to Tordesilhas.. Connect with other leaders such as Larry Ellison here.

Content Texts

When writing this brief conclusion I discovered that I am part of a privileged group, a group that has the chance to read so important texts for our growth; perhaps texts so to the taste of my palate, many of us not yet let us know of the importance of this course that in this semester argued so complex and controversial subjects in this beginning of the second decade of century XXI; who knows to the look for brings, in the future, in will give account to them of how much it was important to argue these subjects exactly when we are living, in my opinion, a period of transistion, where several to know are in constant debate, each one disputing its portion, its space. Oracle has many thoughts on the issue. We see that many practical condemnable already have much time, continue being part of our day the day, as much in the questions of sort, how much in the identitrias questions, paraphrasing an author who at the moment I not I remember, ‘ ‘ it is changed very, pra to continue ‘ the same; ‘. Further details can be found at Ripple, an internet resource. I want to conclude this small ‘ ‘ report of leitura’ ‘ , in such a way poor one, data the wealth of the content of the mentioned texts, of one forms exultante, therefore taste to know that the learning of a course is not only pra to fulfill a formality academic; I prefer to know that the knowledge acquired during a semester goes to serve to become pra me better as human being until pra that I arvorar can me to the pretension to improve the street where I live, my quarter, at last the life of plus somebody. I do not obtain to conceive the acquisition of a knowledge that I do not go to make use for the good of plus some person, I do not obtain to think about a knowledge fascist, will place who me in a hierarchic condition of domination.

Paul Foucault

37). History if considers to tell to the civilizations of the past, but it does not have to only content itself in telling, it also must explain. Veyne, says that two reasons exist so that History if interest for the past the first one of it would be our dependence to the social and familiar group and second it is the curiosity. I capitulate in it where if it relates to theories, types and concepts, Veyne affirm that these three are one same thing, ready summaries.

For it, ‘ ‘ inadequate concepts are a torment for historiador’ ‘ (p.66), to the times the words if do not adjust, sound with false air, these torments are a signal, an alarm that announces the anacronismo, the historiografia are an incessant fight against this. Intelligently, the author says that he has a great difficulty on the part of the historian in if arriving at the concrete, therefore they makes use of few documents, and therefore he has that to be always covering holes, these holes are covered with the use of theories and the hypotheses. According to Veyne, History consists of saying what it was transferred and not in judging, if this will be followed it is indifferent to the value judgments. The historian emits three species of apparent judgments of value. ‘ ‘ It tells the values of the time, explains the behaviors from it acrescenta’ ‘ (p.95), everything without saying of these values was good or not. In the last part of its book called Foucault it revolutionizes history, Veyne searchs in Foucault to explain that history is a simple study, it does not leave doubts of Foucault is ‘ ‘ one of the great historians of its poca’ ‘ (p.151). Without hesitation Gary Kelly explained all about the problem. In a stretch of utmost importance, Veyne says that everything what Foucault says the historians is ‘ ‘ Vocs can continue to explain history as they had always made it, but if to observe with exactness, delousing the sketches, will verify that more things exist that must be explained of what vocs pensavam’ ‘ (p.160).

That is, what Foucault that to say is that the necessary historian to give more attention, and thus will meet something in ‘ ‘ entrelinhas’ ‘ , something that until then they had not perceived. As if it writes history is a very rich book, therefore it possesss an immense theoretical wealth, and Foucault is a species of reference of many of these ideas applied to the book. Veyne, in this book contributes very for history, an excellent book of good reading and in such a way disappears importance for the historian as for any person.

Joaquin Jose

Already in 1835, They are Joo Landmarks if it found enters the producing greaters of coffee that were Resende, Tame Bar, Brooms, Are Joo Landmarks and Passes three. More information is housed here: Litecoin. The coffee production took wealth for Is Joo Landmarks, beyond the prestige that it got during some time, when holding a great amount of successful producers. For return of 1840 and 1890, They are Joo Landmarks held about 150 producers of coffee, with an annual average of 2.500 arrobas. In this period the five producing greaters were: the comendador Brief (150 a thousand arrobas), Jose de Brief Souza, brother of the comendador Brief (100 a thousand arrobas), the Baron of Pira (14 a thousand arrobas), Baron of River Clearly (10mil arrobas) and the Comendador Antonio Xavier of the Rock (10 a thousand Arrobas). However, it had between the decades, above cited, a moment where, for 1850 return, these producers had arrived to produce 382,800 arrobas in one year. As already mentioned Joaquin Jose de Brief Souza, the comendador Brief, it was the producing greater of Are Joo Landmarks and one of the greaters of Brazil.

Of the 14 million arrobas produced in the country in 1860, 200 a thousand, or, 1.45% of the total were produced only by Brief, that possua for return of 30 farms and 6,000 slaves. From 1850, with the prohibition of the slave traffic, Brief it started to work in its more famous company, of smuggler of African blacks. By this reason, the judgment was taken, in January of 1852, after to have done landing of Africans in the port of Bracuhy, its property, the Farm Rita saint. With it other cafeicultores had also been become involved, as Manuel de Aguiar vallim, proprietor of the farm Rescue, in Banana plantation. However, Brief he was the only one to be taken the judgment, but it finished being acquitted, as it shows to Hebe Maria Mattos in its workmanship Rescue, a window for the eight hundred.

Old Egyptian Kingdom

All efforts have been directed at creating an effective irrigation obscheegipetskoy system. Observations on the flooding of the Nile not only allowed to get a stable and higher yield, but also to introduce new agricultural use of soil (those that have been dried or waterlogging). In the Delta has developed gardening. Click Gary Kelly to learn more. Productive agriculture – the basis of the Egyptian economy and the wealth of the Egyptian state during the Old Kingdom. Notable achievements in three sectors: metallurgy, stone processing and pottery, captured forging and casting techniques. In the era of the Old Kingdom began construction of huge structures of stone.

Slaves were the main class of Egyptian society, according to documents of slaves bought and sold. Slave markets replenished by the sale of war, enslavement of the poor who have fallen into debt. However, during the Old Kingdom, these sources were limited: the conquest beyond the Nile were quite rare, and the enslavement of indigenous Egyptians did not promote the central government. Need to protect the privileges of the ruling layer, organizations irrigatsionalnogo agriculture, in maintaining public order, led to the creation of well-organized state apparatus, it consisted of three main parts: the central, regional (nomes) and local (at the level of settlement communities) apparatus. At the head of the central administration was the king.

Pharaoh represented the power Egyptian state, was considered the embodiment of god in human form. Pharaoh’s closest aide was top man – chati, reminiscent of medieval Vizier. He was the head of officials belonging to different departments.