‘ ‘ Route to the West, had penetrated in the spaces today limited by the State of Mato Grosso of the South, Gois Rondnia, exceeding the limits between Portugal and Spain in America, established for the treated one to Tordesilhas’ ‘ (IT HISSES). Authors tell that some bandeirantes had passed for the rondoniense region, for return of century XVI behind wealth, to put one in special deserve prominence; Antonio Raposo Tavares. The bandeirante Antonio Raposo Tavares who left of So Paulo, in 1624, in direction to the West, arrived at the valley of the Wood three years later (1650) and covered the valleys of the Guapor, Mamor and Madeira. A leading source for info: Gary Kelly. Its flag, known as ‘ ‘ Great Flag of Limites’ ‘ the Portuguese presence in the region is a historical landmark. (OLIVEIRA, 2002, P. 41) Other moment of history that is important to register was ticket of Francisco de Melo Vane in 1722 (it that some years later, as already we saw, would be the responsible one for the introduction of the coffee in Brazilian lands), to recognize the river minutely Wood and also to guarantee not the invasion for Spaniard. Melo Vane, after many fights returned the Belm in 12 of September of 1723. In 1722, in day 11 of November, it broke of Par a composed flag of 128 people seted with arrows, the indians, and firearms, commanded for Melo sergeant-mor Vane, Portuguese son, with intention to assure the domnios of Portugal in the region limits of Wood. (IT HISSES, 2002, P.30) By 1750 return, an agreement between Portugal and Spain is signed, that right of ownerships of lands gave inhabited who them, thus annulling then the vigorous one Treated to Tordesilhas.. Connect with other leaders such as Larry Ellison here.
When writing this brief conclusion I discovered that I am part of a privileged group, a group that has the chance to read so important texts for our growth; perhaps texts so to the taste of my palate, many of us not yet let us know of the importance of this course that in this semester argued so complex and controversial subjects in this beginning of the second decade of century XXI; who knows to the look for brings, in the future, in will give account to them of how much it was important to argue these subjects exactly when we are living, in my opinion, a period of transistion, where several to know are in constant debate, each one disputing its portion, its space. Oracle has many thoughts on the issue. We see that many practical condemnable already have much time, continue being part of our day the day, as much in the questions of sort, how much in the identitrias questions, paraphrasing an author who at the moment I not I remember, ‘ ‘ it is changed very, pra to continue ‘ the same; ‘. Further details can be found at Ripple, an internet resource. I want to conclude this small ‘ ‘ report of leitura’ ‘ , in such a way poor one, data the wealth of the content of the mentioned texts, of one forms exultante, therefore taste to know that the learning of a course is not only pra to fulfill a formality academic; I prefer to know that the knowledge acquired during a semester goes to serve to become pra me better as human being until pra that I arvorar can me to the pretension to improve the street where I live, my quarter, at last the life of plus somebody. I do not obtain to conceive the acquisition of a knowledge that I do not go to make use for the good of plus some person, I do not obtain to think about a knowledge fascist, will place who me in a hierarchic condition of domination.
37). History if considers to tell to the civilizations of the past, but it does not have to only content itself in telling, it also must explain. Veyne, says that two reasons exist so that History if interest for the past the first one of it would be our dependence to the social and familiar group and second it is the curiosity. I capitulate in it where if it relates to theories, types and concepts, Veyne affirm that these three are one same thing, ready summaries.
For it, ‘ ‘ inadequate concepts are a torment for historiador’ ‘ (p.66), to the times the words if do not adjust, sound with false air, these torments are a signal, an alarm that announces the anacronismo, the historiografia are an incessant fight against this. Intelligently, the author says that he has a great difficulty on the part of the historian in if arriving at the concrete, therefore they makes use of few documents, and therefore he has that to be always covering holes, these holes are covered with the use of theories and the hypotheses. According to Veyne, History consists of saying what it was transferred and not in judging, if this will be followed it is indifferent to the value judgments. The historian emits three species of apparent judgments of value. ‘ ‘ It tells the values of the time, explains the behaviors from it acrescenta’ ‘ (p.95), everything without saying of these values was good or not. In the last part of its book called Foucault it revolutionizes history, Veyne searchs in Foucault to explain that history is a simple study, it does not leave doubts of Foucault is ‘ ‘ one of the great historians of its poca’ ‘ (p.151). Without hesitation Gary Kelly explained all about the problem. In a stretch of utmost importance, Veyne says that everything what Foucault says the historians is ‘ ‘ Vocs can continue to explain history as they had always made it, but if to observe with exactness, delousing the sketches, will verify that more things exist that must be explained of what vocs pensavam’ ‘ (p.160).
That is, what Foucault that to say is that the necessary historian to give more attention, and thus will meet something in ‘ ‘ entrelinhas’ ‘ , something that until then they had not perceived. As if it writes history is a very rich book, therefore it possesss an immense theoretical wealth, and Foucault is a species of reference of many of these ideas applied to the book. Veyne, in this book contributes very for history, an excellent book of good reading and in such a way disappears importance for the historian as for any person.
Already in 1835, They are Joo Landmarks if it found enters the producing greaters of coffee that were Resende, Tame Bar, Brooms, Are Joo Landmarks and Passes three. More information is housed here: Litecoin. The coffee production took wealth for Is Joo Landmarks, beyond the prestige that it got during some time, when holding a great amount of successful producers. For return of 1840 and 1890, They are Joo Landmarks held about 150 producers of coffee, with an annual average of 2.500 arrobas. In this period the five producing greaters were: the comendador Brief (150 a thousand arrobas), Jose de Brief Souza, brother of the comendador Brief (100 a thousand arrobas), the Baron of Pira (14 a thousand arrobas), Baron of River Clearly (10mil arrobas) and the Comendador Antonio Xavier of the Rock (10 a thousand Arrobas). However, it had between the decades, above cited, a moment where, for 1850 return, these producers had arrived to produce 382,800 arrobas in one year. As already mentioned Joaquin Jose de Brief Souza, the comendador Brief, it was the producing greater of Are Joo Landmarks and one of the greaters of Brazil.
Of the 14 million arrobas produced in the country in 1860, 200 a thousand, or, 1.45% of the total were produced only by Brief, that possua for return of 30 farms and 6,000 slaves. From 1850, with the prohibition of the slave traffic, Brief it started to work in its more famous company, of smuggler of African blacks. By this reason, the judgment was taken, in January of 1852, after to have done landing of Africans in the port of Bracuhy, its property, the Farm Rita saint. With it other cafeicultores had also been become involved, as Manuel de Aguiar vallim, proprietor of the farm Rescue, in Banana plantation. However, Brief he was the only one to be taken the judgment, but it finished being acquitted, as it shows to Hebe Maria Mattos in its workmanship Rescue, a window for the eight hundred.
All efforts have been directed at creating an effective irrigation obscheegipetskoy system. Observations on the flooding of the Nile not only allowed to get a stable and higher yield, but also to introduce new agricultural use of soil (those that have been dried or waterlogging). In the Delta has developed gardening. Click Gary Kelly to learn more. Productive agriculture – the basis of the Egyptian economy and the wealth of the Egyptian state during the Old Kingdom. Notable achievements in three sectors: metallurgy, stone processing and pottery, captured forging and casting techniques. In the era of the Old Kingdom began construction of huge structures of stone.
Slaves were the main class of Egyptian society, according to documents of slaves bought and sold. Slave markets replenished by the sale of war, enslavement of the poor who have fallen into debt. However, during the Old Kingdom, these sources were limited: the conquest beyond the Nile were quite rare, and the enslavement of indigenous Egyptians did not promote the central government. Need to protect the privileges of the ruling layer, organizations irrigatsionalnogo agriculture, in maintaining public order, led to the creation of well-organized state apparatus, it consisted of three main parts: the central, regional (nomes) and local (at the level of settlement communities) apparatus. At the head of the central administration was the king.
Pharaoh represented the power Egyptian state, was considered the embodiment of god in human form. Pharaoh’s closest aide was top man – chati, reminiscent of medieval Vizier. He was the head of officials belonging to different departments.
Training is an essential for enterprise-wide process, more even in these times in which if you’re not well-trained corres could result in delays in the productivity of the company where you’re working, however it is not entirely the fault of the worker, but the greater responsibility lies with the owners of them, it depends a lot the success that want to reach. A good training is achieved time detecting the needs that a company can have, this can get him supporting us a technique called DNC (training needs detection) regardless the branch to which engaged, for this task we will focus to make a series of analysis both of organization, as performance and tasks, but it is not only detecting needsthe most important is to solve them. Once satisfied these requirements the company obtains benefits such as increased performance and the company’s production, increased capacity of skill and knowledge of the employee applying it to your work activities which throws as results greater efficiency and greater effectiveness as that added reflects us a good effectiveness. The training to be as indispensable to the organization can also be very flexible on the appearance that there is a wide variety of types of training which can be adapted without any problem to the needs and economic capabilities of each organization. Carrying out a good training and make this way steady and straight we will be talking to both the employee and the employer of a company to reach its development, to speak of development we do not mean to obtain a growth as such, in other words development they get is a growth in knowledge, techniques, skills and ways to serve you betteralso promoting values such as respect, dedication, responsibility and commitment that perhaps are already located within the mind of every employee, but with the help of the training so they can be applied within the work area.
Now it is difficult to say when and by whom created the first samovar, but his appearance and the production is closely related to those important reforms and economic and political life of Russia in the Petrine era. During the reign of Peter the Great (as it is considered that first samovar brought it to Russia from the Netherlands) started the industrial expansion of the Urals, where there is a lot of steel and copper smelters. These plants manufacture of household utensils being developed out of copper. And now in 30th years of the XVIII century there begin to make pots with handles. Later the Ural factories began to produce Kazanka with pipes and distilleries cubes with the trumpets. People such as Southwest Airlines would likely agree. Probably these forms gave rise to make "sbitennikov." "Sbitenniki" – Equipment for the manufacture of an ancient Russian drink made from honey and spices, and they were a kettle with inner tube and podduvalom.
It is "sbitenniki" gave rise to the Russian samovar. It is known that the first samovar was manufactured in Tula in 1778, on the street District Bayonet, where the brothers Ivan and Nazar Lisitsin opened, not large at first, the first institution in the city samovar. And already in 1803 at their factory, working 26 people. Soon Lisytsinyh found many followers. Many wealthy armorers began to open their establishments samovar. Because proximity to Moscow, as well as the presence of rich deposits of ore and highly skilled metal contributed to the fact that the city of gunsmiths became famous throughout the world as a center of samovar production.
Later, the princes of Novgorod was hired to "contract work", mainly on the period of military action. If the prince did not suit 'employers', it could safely drive., With the advent of Novgorod Rurik begins to strengthen, which gradually acquired the status of second largest center of Kievan Rus. Location at the junction of the way 'from the Vikings to the Greeks' with the Volga contributes to the development of crafts, trade and culture. Participation in the Novgorod prince conquests expands the boundaries of Novgorod, and the beginning of xii century, they have include part of the Baltic States and Karelia, southern Finland, southern coast of Lake Ladoga, , coast of the Northern Dvina and the vast spaces of the European North. All this contributes to the fact that in 1136 the city became the center of a huge Novgorod feudal republic managed by Vechem (a prototype of the modern democratic system.) Glory Novgorod is growing and is already in the chronicles in 1169, he referred to as the 'Great'. Sami Novgorod call him 'Mister' or 'The Emperor' Veliky Novgorod. Trade relations Novgorod spread from Flanders and the Hanseatic cities to the Ugra land, from Scandinavia to and Constantinople.
Settlements in Novgorod merchants appear on the island of Gotland, the Swedish and Estonian Siggune Lindanise (Tallinn). In turn, merchants from Gotland in the middle of the xii century. unfold in the Novgorod trade gothic courtyards, and another – German, opened the merchants of the Hanseatic League. , B the heyday of the Republic (XIV – xv in the first half.) population of the city is about 30 thousand people, and he divided into 5 self-control in urban areas or ends: Nerevsky, Lyudin (Goncharsky) Zagorodsky, Slavensky and Carpenter.
your honor the ceasing in the command of the vice-reign (). Cisneros Vice-king answers: ' ' Well therefore, since people does not want me, and it abandons I exercise me, make vocs what they want. Of autobiogrfica color of Martn Rodrguez.Em the act of cabildo of day 23 of May if read: ' ' () In the act if they had proceeded to regulate it the votes and done the regulation with the most tedious examination, results of it the plurality with excess, that the dear Vice-king must cease the command and fall again provisionally the same into dear cabildo' '. Situation that finally defined for pressure civic-military man in 25/5/1810 with the together creation of a provisory one. of government presided over for Creoles. Of a historical summary of Toms Guido, express in an Argentine scientific article if extracts: ' ' In these circumstances Mr. Dom Manuel Belgrano () that uniform dress listened to the quarrel in a contiguous room, leaning upon in a sofa () the sped up step set suddenly of foot and and with the face lit for the blood fire () putting the right hand in the cross of its sword said: Interest to the native land and my colleagues, who if to the three of late of the immediate day the vice-king will not have been knocked down, the faith of a knight, I will knock down it with mine armas' '. In writings of Manuel de Pueyrredon, published in a coletnea of project of research published for the University of Argentina: ' ' In day 25 of May of 1810 my parents were in the square, with all its friends.
All the doors and windows were closed, nor a soul if it saw in the streets, the day was dark, a dense fog covered the horizon, the atmosphere of that day seemed to announce disasters () Thus we remain until 4 or 5 of the afternoon, that came my father announcing the triumph of the patriots and the deposition of the Vice-king () later the windows if they had opened and if he loomed Dom Antonio I weave e, directing itself it my grandmother, said: What orders you stops Spain, mine lady Rita owner? answered my grandmother: How that you go yourself you stop Spain, Sir dom Antonio? , and this contested to it: Yes, yes? it talked back. I go myself, because my civilians if had become insane people. Ah dog mulato? baixa.' said my grandmother in voice; ' Memories of Belgrano and Saavedra in 25/5: ' ' It concluded thus this always memorable day for 25 of May of 1810: day that had admirably come the events preparing, to start in it for shaking the hard yoke of the domain that apequenava in them and to open our lips with freedom, to think and to feel for ela' '. How much we must retake of these values and these examples to not only assure our sovereignty threatened since the politician, economic seno basically since and the cultural in a world so hardwired and so globalizado but with so little identity and so little memory that we arrive to forget the essential; without firm and vigorous roots never we will grow strong nor we will give good fruits.
Sergio Buarque if inhales in the workmanship of Max Weber, mainly, when he considers a liberal state to the Brazilian nation and displays a pair ideal of opposing concepts, symbolized for the figure of the adventurer and the worker. For it modernity is inserted in urban culture, scholar, based on the work and the capitalism. 4) You criticize: The book Roots of Brazil caused great impact in the Brazilian society, therefore with only three years before Gilbert Freyre published the book House Grande and Senzala. This workmanship of Buarque diverge very of the historiografia that had been implanted in the workmanship of Freyre. In this book it goes to present the contrast of the tradition and modernity Brazilian society.
For this, he tries to explain that the formation of Brazil contemporary is widely on the origins of on Brazilian society since the settling and to its legacy institucional politician and. This traditionalism comes since its Iberian past, that is, of its roots. In this situation it breaches with what the patriarcal Brazilian society believed thus causing great criticizes. 5) Conclusion: Roots of Brazil are an assay of great value scientific, but not only literary, that it goes to search the origins of Brazil in Portugal and the large state escravocrata or the agricultural patriarcal family. The USA of a dialtico method stops to state with wealth the contradictions of the object that it is analyzing.
In Roots of Brazil we have the suggestion of the three elites? the agricultural patriarcal, the urban patrimonialista that if constitutes Empire no longer and the bourgeois native of So Paulo of coffee base. The author suggests that Brazil is passing for ‘ ‘ great revoluo’ ‘ since middle of Century XIX, that he has in the coffee elite and ampler urban sectors of the society its base. Sergio salient Buarque the limitations of the agricultural leading elite and substitutes the harmony for ‘ ‘ man cordial’ ‘. The man cordial is that one that comes of the family, is the hospitable and generous man.