With the collapse of the state at the end of ix. in the Southern Urals began to form a favorable environment for economic-commercial and trading activities Russes. Created conditions for hunting, fishing and trading with nomadic peoples. In the lower reaches of the Ural River to move off of 'Silk Route' from China across in Byzantium. Pechenegs In IX-XI centuries. Land of the Southern Urals, as well as the neighboring Slavic countries, were subjected to constant attacks of the new nomads – Pechenegs. Pechenegs – the union of nomadic tribes, formed by mixing the nomadic Turkic people from the Sarmatian and Finno-Ugric tribes.
Traditional places of encampments were lower reaches of the rivers Volga and Yaik (Ural). Pechenegs is under expansion of the communal-tribal organization, engaged in nomadic pastoralism. They were the princes and the people meeting, engaged in trade. Legkokonnoe troops were armed with bows and arrows, spears and less saber. Along with the constant raids on the Slavic lands, their troops plundered the land and the Southern Urals. However, these nomadic tribes faced with an already firmly entrenched there Scandinavians-rusami. Gradually supplanted Pechenegs Russes to the east. Subsequently, some Pechenegs oslavyanilas Part Polovtsy obeyed, and some settled in the territory of southern Europe.
Direct descendants Pechenegs considered to be a modern nation in Moldova – Gagauz. Polovtsians During the same period in X., The population of the South Urals are under pressure from – polovtsev-Kypchaks. These Turkic-speaking tribes are ancient ancestors of the modern Bashkir. Polovtsians in the xi century came from the steppes and the Irtysh in East .