Paris Universal Exhibition

Bauhaus Building, Dessau, Germany 1926. Architect: Walter Gropius.
Reliance Building. Architect: Daniel Burnham. Chicago, United States of America.
Architecture of the Modern Movement itself is a concept of criticism and historiography of modern architecture, historical significance and has a broader conceptual periods or rationalist architecture organic architecture, which includes all streams, movements and trends since the mid-nineteenth century tend to renewal of the characteristics of the purposes and principles of architecture.
Modern architecture arises from the technical, social and cultural rights linked to the industrial revolution. Theorists of the Modern Movement seeking the historical roots of modern architecture in a broad prelude, riding a stage of the eighteenth and nineteenth art history artifacts centuries in which different cultural sectors or economic activities and political and social ancient Egyptian antiquity life begin to envision and define the construction and planning of the industrial revolution. During the nineteenth century, a number of innovations and proposals in various fields, including the construction, government and industry together in the demand for their mutual integration.
Modernarchitecture was born in the 60s of the nineteenth century in England when William Morris drives the movement known as’ Arts and Crafts’ reaction against the prevailing bad taste in the objects produced by industry body advocating a return the trades and in the medieval Gothic architecture. Morris wrote:
“We must know in depth the gothic architecture, and understand that he is exhibiting was involved: A wonderful spirit of organic. Following this tradition, a structural principle states that evolve their own forms adhering to the strictest truth, that is, depending on the conditions of use of materials and techniques construccion. ‘(for this article “The Revival of Handicraft (The revival of handicraft)) “, published civilizations by the magazine ” Fortnightly Review, London 1888.
In parallel, the theories of ‘higienistas ‘ together with movements to “socialism utopico ” lay the foundations of modern Urbanistica. By the turn of the century, a new style in architecture and design wins in Europe, is to “Art Nouveau”, also called “Liberty”, “Sezession ‘A’ Jugendstil ‘, ‘ Modernismo “, etc. . that was a style that contrapuso the prevailing Academicism but did not apply to him.
The “Art Nouveau” schemes academicos breaks and imposes exhibits the use of iron in architecture. The family who established Until then, the iron was archaeology. There is little or no overlap with antiques a material associated with the construction engineers who triumphed in the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1889 with the Eiffel Tower and the Gallery of Machines. The “Art Nouveau” curve and intersects the iron in thin strips, which are all sorts of shapes and patterns and place it in the halls of the houses and the facades of buildings such as the gallery “Maison du Peuple ” in Brussels by the architect Victor Horta.
The History of Modern Architecture records the transition of some architects representing the “Art Nouveau”, as Henry Van de Velde, as well as history some of the Seccession ” Viennese Josef Hoffmann to positions as close to the Austrian architect Adolf Loos in This is a new era, modern architecture, a style that breaks with the above.