Old Egyptian Kingdom

All efforts have been directed at creating an effective irrigation obscheegipetskoy system. Observations on the flooding of the Nile not only allowed to get a stable and higher yield, but also to introduce new agricultural use of soil (those that have been dried or waterlogging). In the Delta has developed gardening. Click Gary Kelly to learn more. Productive agriculture – the basis of the Egyptian economy and the wealth of the Egyptian state during the Old Kingdom. Notable achievements in three sectors: metallurgy, stone processing and pottery, captured forging and casting techniques. In the era of the Old Kingdom began construction of huge structures of stone.

Slaves were the main class of Egyptian society, according to documents of slaves bought and sold. Slave markets replenished by the sale of war, enslavement of the poor who have fallen into debt. However, during the Old Kingdom, these sources were limited: the conquest beyond the Nile were quite rare, and the enslavement of indigenous Egyptians did not promote the central government. Need to protect the privileges of the ruling layer, organizations irrigatsionalnogo agriculture, in maintaining public order, led to the creation of well-organized state apparatus, it consisted of three main parts: the central, regional (nomes) and local (at the level of settlement communities) apparatus. At the head of the central administration was the king.

Pharaoh represented the power Egyptian state, was considered the embodiment of god in human form. Pharaoh’s closest aide was top man – chati, reminiscent of medieval Vizier. He was the head of officials belonging to different departments.