North Africa

But such a threat was real. In December 1942, Dwight D. Eisenhower was appointed by assigning the next general's rank of commander in chief, and then supreme commander of Allied Expeditionary Forces in North Africa and the Mediterranean. Under his leadership, the Allies conducted an offensive operation, codenamed 'Cake' – ('Torch'), during which American expeditionary force landed smoothly in Morocco. However, the Allied landings in North Africa, as well as the entire operation "Torch", means in practice is that opening a second front in Europe once again postponed indefinite period.

By mid-May 1943 fighting in North Africa ended. Politicians in the U.S. and Britain were discussing the question in what direction should develop further strategic efforts of the Allies. Eisenhower continued to consider it necessary to first to force the English Channel and landed in France to begin the main task – to conduct rapid and direct military operations against Germany, but policy objectives have led Western allies once again postpone the opening of a second front in Europe. Instead, the konferentsiiKasablanke it was decided to attack Sicily. Again, this amphibious operation, which was held with success, headed by General Eisenhower. Between December 1943 and until the victorious end of World Eisenhower was supreme commander of Allied Expeditionary Forces on the anti-Hitler coalition. Under his leadership, planned and implemented the largest amphibious operation 'Overlord'. For landing on the Norman coast were collected enormous forces: on the eve of the invasion of France, they had 39 divisions, 2,876,439 men and officers (20 American, 17 British, 3 Canadian, 1 French, 1 Polish divisions).