Greek Civilization

Hellenistic Greek Civilization Places and Peoples: The Greek civilization spread to the Aegean islands, the east coast of the Aegean Sea on the southern shores of the Adriatic and Tyrrhenian and many coastal sites around the entire Merranean basin . After the conquests of Alexander would be extended eastward. Greece is a second grade secondary civilization arose in the course of the Greek era of darkness, ranging from the disaster of the Mycenaean culture (Siglos XI XII century BC). Greece was composed of several cultures such as the Dorians and Ionians Aeolians. Minoan civilization: the Greek world’s first civilization that flourished on the island of Crete. Its inhabitants settled around the year 6000 BC and reached the maximum splendor between 2000 and 1450 BC. They had an abundant wealth which came from trade with other cities of the Bronze Age.Also this wealth came from fertile soil of Crete that produced oils, cereals and wine in abundance. The whole economy is centered on the rich palaces. These palaces were characterized by being decorated with painted scenes called “fresh”, all these palaces were built near the sea, the remains of the art luxury buildings were evidence of the Minoans. Mycenaean Civilization: Greece available in Bronze Age from major centers including Mycenae. The king lived in a palace with many rooms playing the role of military headquarters and administrative center. These were great traders and sailed everywhere. Be enjoyed by the year 1600AC and deprive the Minoan civilization. By 1250, the Mycenaean begin to build walls because of the constant threat of foreign invaders. Greek Civilization: This changed the course of history in regard to the PRE and POST Greek Greek is not easy to define Greek civilization or in terms of space or time.The development of Greek culture could be divided into three phases: the archaic, classical and Hellenistic. In this historical course emerged several important and fundamental facts in the final formation of what was later Greece such as the formation of both polis (city), the V century, the old Athenian wars occurred as physicians and the Peloponnesian Five years after the Peloponnesian War sought to amend the city-states, occurs the birth of the Macedonian and Alexandrian era and the Hellenistic world, which is the period with the arrival of the Romans as it concludes the decline of Greek civilization as such. Historical Synthesis: “From the time of darkness at polis” This period corresponds to the emergence of Greece as a civilization (eleventh century to the ninth century BC), during the tenth century there was a process of urbanization in which it was grouping several villages until it became cities as Sparta and Athens.This is organized by cops finally covered what were the tribes and the Ethnos these formed the structure of the polis as households clans and fraternities. These city states were ruled by kings who exercised religious authorities, military and political gradually, except Sparta and that to some degree the authority of the kings began to be replaced now by an authority composed of aristocratic landowners who could raise and keep riding their horses. Two other factors that formed a fundamental role in the formation of Greek civilization was the establishment of pan Hellenic games like the Olympics, started in the years 776 BC which underline the common features of Greek and two epics of Homer probably composed in the eighth century BC The eighth century BC.