This article analyzes one of the organisms created, that is, the patrimniosnaturais, whose objective is to protect the biological diversity and the landscape, comnfase in the environment, the respect to the cultural diversity and in the populaestradicionais. Thus, it has for purpose to know the elements that compeos natural patrimonies and its relevance in the ambient context. Instrumentode used inquiry was the research of bibliographical matrix. Relevnciade such study consists of the clarification of the goods protected for the patrimnionatural, therefore comumente it attributes to this protection the arquitetnicashistricas wealth. The assay if finds structuralized in three parts: naprimeira, meets displayed the description of the main movements quesurgiram in the search for solutions that came to brighten up the ambient problems.
Nasegunda still becomes a study on the elements protected for the patrimony naturale, on its relevance and, in third, they are traced some consideraesa about the study. The necessity of to protect the environment Before if giving beginning in the historical survey sobrequando appeared to the concern with the ambient problems, becomes to relevanteconhecer what it means environment. Since this is considered by the majority daspessoas as being something external they. In accordance with resolution CONAMA (2002 apudLima et. al.
2007:1) ' ' Environment is the set decondies, laws, influence and interactions of physical, chemical, biological, social, cultural and urbanstica order, that allows, shelter and conduct the life in all assuas formas' '. The environment is the set of physical factors, chemical ebiticos which, daily, we mention ourselves as nature. That is, it is to olugar where if it lives, on which the humanity depends to survive, is all ocontexto involving and surrounding of these people. A dynamic way, marked porinteraes, which, had to the enormous one to be able human to modify it, each vezmais have been transformed and degraded. in which, all the beings are humanosencontram inserted.