From ancient pagan rituals, and there was such a fun, in which boys and girls must undergo "purification" of the fire – burner. Merrymaking opened at weddings and funerals, in and after the tribunal, while fraternization and at festivals. Privilege of the nobility were amusing hunting and racing. A fist fights ("wall to wall") as a heroic fun persisted in Russia over the millennium: the tenacity of the remnant shows a decree of Catherine I O pugilists, regulated the rules of the popular entertainment of the lower classes. It stated that "in the fist fights that are on the Admiralty side and island, many people took out knives, for other fighters chasing others, putting mittens kernel, stone dagger, beaten, many without mercy fatal beatings and a murder among a vile murder and sin is not imputed. It would seem to ban enough, but case before this did not happen. "Also, sand and catches the eye, so fist fights in St. Petersburg without the permission of the principal office not to be, but whoever wants to fight for our amusement, they must choose between a policeman, pyatidesyatskih, constables and write their names in the main police office; selected policeman, pyatidesyatskie and constables have to look to the men no weapons and other tools for the maimed and the fight was not in combat so that there was no fight, and who will fall – not lying down to beat.

" What explains persistence of fist of fun? It is believed that, in his classic folk form that existed in antiquity, it was a test of courage, strength and honesty, match in memory of the valor of the fallen in battle, and not by accident in the early xx century., for example in the village of Intercession (Yaroslavl region), staged fights in the winter on the river Syt, where according to legend, the Russian warriors fought with the hordes of Batu. Such games usually ended in the friendly feasts rivals. Over time, as custom has turned into a spectacular entertainment, when the soldiers asked to fight for money not only "until the first blood", and before losing consciousness, the point of exhaustion. In the book Y. Shanina is quite eloquent testimony to this moral decline – a quotation from the essay pa Lavrovsky "first step". "There came in the winter holidays, wall to wall. Started mostly boys or teenagers 14-17 years.

Then engage in the highest. In the wall of force is evenly distributed in advance by selecting opponents. Volga merchants were often at his own on some of the best fighters. Fought on the ice of the Volga, and in Kazan – the lake Boar. Especially famous for their power strokes, and fighter skill giant, whose name was . On this show would come to see the merchants and ordinary viewers everywhere. Blood were many kalekstv too. But how could commensurate because of their impact, when the eyes are red mist veiled excitement of fight? "Needless to say, that the" fog "often occurred in a state of drunk, as indicated severe condemnation of the Russian public, while the powers to direct the energy of the people away from the painful social problems.

Castrates Alves

3-A maranhense poetry of century XX: the generation of Nauro Axe. The historical and aesthetic evolution of the Brazilian poetry had that to pay tribute per some years to the evolution of the Portuguese poetry: globally, our literature, as &#039 said Antonio Cndido; ' it generated in the seio of the Portuguese and depended more on influence of the two or three if constituir' '. Had to such dependence it is that we consider, before making a specific commentary on the generation of Nauro, to make one retrospecto how much to our poetical filiation, either the maranhense, either the Brazilian. Between Centuries XVI and XIX Portuguese Literature conserved a non-removable matrix, that is, the erudite and pompous tradition, with the metafrico cultism and the mitolgicas references (poetry greco-Latin). The tradition in such a way was taken root, that our romantic poets, who they wanted a free poetry of the classic exacerbaes and neoclssicas, still they had almost a predestination to imitate the old ones. But, of any form, if it must to romantic the o legacy of such change. To start for the language and the structure of poems: in the language, the images are simpler and in the structural composition, decasslabo, for example, it loses the ortodoxia of the accents and of you rhyme them obligator.

The verses are shorter, nothing of the hexmetros homricos, but still it was admitted, between the archaic forms, of medievo, soneto camoniano, as if this was necessary poet to show ability to it with the meters you rhyme and them. Victor Hugo, Lamartine, Musset, Byron, Poe, and Leopardi goes to be read in Brazil for Gonalves Days, Castrates Alves, lvares de Azevedo and Sousndrade. The Romantismo goes to be long and influenciador, a time that if presents under gide of great names nailed that it as the triumph of the individualism and the emancipation of I.